It’s hard to find a personal plot in which there are no ants. Some gardeners do not pay attention to them if the number of insects is small. But if a garden or vegetable garden turns into a constant ant, then it’s time to start an active fight against ants, writes Ogorod.ru about it.
Most often, black garden ants live in the country, which causes a lot of damage: they spoil beds, lawn and garden paths, eat berries and fruits with high sugar content, grow aphids on plants – a dangerous pest of the garden and vegetable garden. In the process of life, aphids secrete a sweet liquid (pillow), which ants like very much. Therefore, ants protect the aphids and contribute to its spread throughout the country. In addition, in places where ants accumulate, soil acidity increases, which negatively affects the development of many plants.
Ants bring not only harm but also benefit: they loosen the soil and destroy the larvae of insect pests, as they feed on small invertebrates. It is noticed that in the soil where the ant is regulated the amount of phosphorus and potassium increases.
However, if plantings suffer, paths are lowered and aphids are found in weeds and cultivated plants, it is time to limit the spread of ants.
Which folk remedies are most effective
Some summer residents try to get rid of ants in a humane way: once they find a hill, they dig it up and take it out of the country. And someone pours boiling water on the ants, which affects the ants not so much as the plants. However, such methods of warfare are not particularly effective, as most ants are found deep underground. Therefore, it is desirable to have more effective tools in stock.
Diatomaceous earth. This is a natural material composed of diatom shell shell deposits. Diatomaceous earth has high porosity, moisture capacity and is a source of disposable silicon necessary for plant health. Moreover, this material is considered a natural insecticide, as diatomaceous earth particles damage insect tissues, leading to their death. The insecticidal effect of diatomite is based on its corrosive and absorbent properties. To control insects, add a small amount of diatomaceous earth to the soil and close it to a shallow depth.
Onion peel. Fill a liter jar with onion peel with hot water (60-70 ° C) and leave for a day. Then drain, add water to a volume of 10 liters and pour the places where ants gather. This tool is also an excellent dressing and fungicide, so you can use it every 7-10 days throughout the season. Onion peel infusion with the addition of laundry or green soap can be used to treat plants that have already set aphids. Cinnamon. Cinnamon powder and essential oil repel strong-smelling ants. Sprinkle ground cinnamon on ants habitats, tree trunks. And dilute the essential oil (25-30 drops) in a glass of water and sprinkle on the paths of insect movement.
Boric acid, borax (sodium tetraborate). In a small amount of hot water, dissolve 10 g of borax or 15 g of boric acid and 2 tbsp. Sahara. Add 5-6 tablespoons to the resulting mixture. any jam. Spread the bait in small containers or pieces of cardboard and leave it in places where ants have been seen. Keep the mixture out of the rain and out of reach of children, birds and pets.
Spices. Plant spicy herbs (thyme, hyssop, parsley, fennel, cilantro, loggia, etc.) along the edges of the beds and in the garden under the trees, as well as marigolds, lavender, wormwood. Lay the cut shoots of these spicy-aromatic plants in rows and around the perimeter of the greenhouse.
Folk remedies for ants can be combined and applied throughout the season, even if the ant population has begun to decline. Remember that the fight against ants must take place in parallel with the destruction of aphids. Therefore, carefully inspect the seedlings of trees, shrubs, ornamental and plant crops, and if aphids are placed on them, treat the plants with a broad-spectrum insecticide or folk remedy: infusion of tobacco powder, ash, onion peel, mustard, wormwood. , garlic, celandine etc. d. Plantations can be pollinated with a mixture of tobacco dust and ash to prevent the spread of not only ants and aphids, but also other pests.